How to Improve ASP.net Application Performance

View 20 Tips/Steps on How to Improve ASP.net Application Performance, if you are an ASP.net developer!

If you aren't don't worry, we have similar posts in the works for Ruby, PHP, and other developers out there. If you are an ASP.net developer, listen up!

Get Ready for Massive Gains

As an ASP.net developer, there are certain things you should take into account when you are developing your applications.

Over the last 12 years or so of working with ASP 3.0 Classic and ASP.net, I have learned to avoid and do certain things that can significantly boost and increase your application performance by a massive amount!


ASP.net Application Performance Tuning Tips

ASP.net Application Performance Tuning Tips

Below are my top 20 tips to improving ASP.net application Performance.
  1. Disable Session State if you're not going to use it. By default it's on. You can also disable it across the application in the web.config by setting the <sessionState> mode value to Off. You can actually turn this off for specific pages, instead of for every page:
    <%@Page language="c#" Codebehind="WebForm1.aspx.cs" AutoEventWireup="false" Inherits="WebApplication1.WebForm1" EnableSessionState="false"%>

  2. Output Buffering Take advantage of this great feature. Basically batch all of your work on the server, and then run a Response.Flush method to output the data. This avoids chatty back and forth with the server.
    <%response.buffer=true%> then use: <%response.flush=true%>

  3. Avoid Server-Side Validation Try to avoid server-side validation, use client-side instead. Server-Side will just consume valuable resources on your servers, and cause more chat back and forth.

  4. Repeater Control Good, DataList, DataGrid, and DataView controls Bad Asp.net is a great platform, unfortunately a lot of the controls that were developed are heavy in html, and create not the greatest scalable html from a performance standpoint. ASP.net repeater control is awesome! Use it! You might write more code, but you will thank me in the long run!

  5. Take advantage of HttpResponse.IsClientConnected before performing a large operation:
    if (Response.IsClientConnected)
    {
    //If still connected, redirect to another page.
    Response.Redirect("Page2CS.aspx", false);
    }


  6. Use HTTPServerUtility.Transfer instead of Response.Redirect Redirect's are also very chatty. They should only be used when you are transferring people to another physical web server. For any transfers within your server, use .transfer! You will save a lot of needless HTTP requests.

  7. Always check Page.IsValid when using Validator Controls So you've dropped on some validator controls, and you think your good to go because ASP.net does everything for you! Right? Wrong! All that happens if bad data is received is the IsValid flag is set to false. So make sure you check Page.IsValid before processing your forms!

  8. Deploy with Release Build Make sure you use Release Build mode and not Debug Build when you deploy your site to production. If you think this doesn't matter, think again. By running in debug mode, you are creating PDB's and cranking up the timeout. Deploy Release mode and you will see the speed improvements.

  9. Turn off Tracing Tracing is awesome, however have you remembered to turn it off? If not, make sure you edit your web.config and turn it off! It will add a lot of overhead to your application that is not needed in a production environment.
    <configuration>
    <system.web>
    <trace enabled="false" pageoutput="false">
    <trace enabled="false" localonly="true" pageoutput="false" requestlimit="10" tracemode="SortByTime">
    <compilation debug="false"></compilation>
    </trace></trace>
    </system.web>
    </configuration>


  10. Page.IsPostBack is your friend Make sure you don't execute code needlessly. I don't know how many web developers forget about checking IsPostBack! It seems like such a basic thing to me! Needless processing!

  11. Avoid Exceptions throwing exceptions, and handling useless exceptions. Exceptions are probably one of the heaviest resource hogs and causes of slowdowns you will ever see in web applications, as well as windows applications. Write your code so they don't happen! Don't code by exception!

  12. Caching is Possibly the number one tip! Use Quick Page Caching and the ASP.net Cache API! Lots to learn, its not as simple as you might think. There is a lot of strategy involved here. When do you cache? what do you cache?

  13. Create Per-Request Cache Use HTTPContect.Items to add single page load to create a per-request cache.

  14. StringBuilder.Append is faster than String + String. However in order to use StringBuilder, you must use new StringBuilder() Therefore it is not something you want to use if you don't have large strings. If you are concatenating less than 3 times, then stick with String + String. You can also try String.Concat

  15. Turn Off ViewState if you are not using form postback, by default controls will turn on viewsate and slow your site.
    public ShowOrdersTablePage()
    {
    this.Init += new EventHandler(Page_Init);
    }
    private void Page_Init(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
    this.EnableViewState = false;
    }


  16. Use Paging take advantage of paging simplicity in .net. Only show small subsets of data at a time, allowing the page to load faster. Just be careful when you mix in caching. How many times do you hit the page 2, or page 3 button? Hardly ever right! So don't cache all the data in the grid! Think of it this way:How big would the first search result page be for "music" on Google if they cached all the pages from 1 to goggle ;)

  17. Use the AppOffline.htm when updating binaries I hate the generic asp.net error messages! If I never had to see them again I would be so happy. Make sure your users never see them! Use the AppOffline.htm file!

  18. Use ControlState and not ViewState for Controls If you followed the last tip, you are probably freaking out at the though of your controls not working. Simply use Control State. Microsoft has an excellent example of using ControlState here, as I will not be able to get into all the detail in this short article.

  19. Use the Finally Method If you have opened any connections to the database, or files, etc, make sure that you close them at the end! The Finally block is really the best place to do so, as it is the only block of code that will surely execute.

  20. Option Strict and Option Explicit This is an oldy, and not so much a strictly ASP.net tip, but a .net tip in general. Make sure you turn BOTH on. you should never trust .net or any compiler to perform conversions for you. That's just shady programming, and low quality code anyway. If you have never turned both on, go turn them on right now and try and compile. Fix all your errors.
How to Improve ASP.net Application Performance Reviewed by Adnan Malik on 11:27 PM Rating: 5

10 comments:

Robert Cordova said...

ASP.net repeater control is awesome! Use it! You might write more code, but you will thank me in the long run!
Thanks for sharing.

ColtMaddox said...

ASP.net repeater control is awesome! Use it! You might write more code, but you will thank me in the long run!

HolmesSimon said...

In ASP.NET any transfers within your server, use .transfer! You will save a lot of needless HTTP requests.thanks for sharing.

Wyoming Griffin said...

asp.net reduced or improved performance is dependent on data or its size which one u have taken into database and if it's simple there is no problem but it complex that time reduced performance..

Jasper Gutierrez said...

This is an oldy, and not so much a strictly ASP.net tip, but a .net tip in general. Make sure you turn BOTH on. you should never trust .net or any compiler to perform conversions for you.

QuinlanCook said...

Thanks for sharing your info. I really appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further write ups thanks once again.

ChelseaRobles said...

This is a great blog posting and very helpful. I really appreciate the research you put into it.

SachaMooney said...

There is obviously a lot to know about this. I think you made some good points in Features also.

BeverlyCash said...

Your blog is very usefull and with all information what I needed. So thank you and good luck!!!

.Net Application Development said...

There are certain things you should take into account when you are developing your applications. Over the last 12 years or so of working with asp and asp.net, I have learned to avoid and do certain things that increase your application performance by a massive amount! Below are my top 20 tips to improving ASP.net application Performance.

.Net Application Development

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